观音殿 Avalokitesvara Hall

录入:admin  www.tanzhesi.com.cn   2017/5/9  人气:2651

 
 
观音殿   观音殿是全寺中所处地势最高的一座建筑,位于西路的最北端,歇山式,三间开,高41尺,进深49尺,面阔6丈,殿顶覆以黄色琉璃瓦。观音殿前有月台,四周用汉白玉石栏杆围护。门额上高悬着乾隆皇帝所题“莲界慈航”的匾额,殿内原来还有乾隆手书的两副对联,其一是“绕树竹风翻妙偈,当空水月涤尘襟”;其二是“树匝丹崖空外合,泉鸣碧涧静中间。”
    殿内正中供奉着观音菩萨说法像,泥质漆金。这是观音菩萨的标准像,称为“圣像观音”,也称“正观音”。观音头戴天冠,身披璎珞,仪态庄严,结跏趺坐,手为“结定印”。观世音是梵文的意译,即能观察世上一切声音的意思,唐代时因为了避讳唐太宗李世民的名讳,而简称为“观音”。观音菩萨在人们的心目中的形象是“救苦救难”的“救世主”,并且无时不在,无所不在。据《法华经.普门品》中说,众生遇到水、火等自然灾害,碰到了盗贼,将被杀害之际、或见到了鬼怪、以及被个人的情欲所缠绕、苦恼之时,只要呼喊一声“观世音菩萨”,“观世菩萨即时观其音声,皆得解脱”。因而观世音深受老百姓的崇敬,庙宇中,信土弟子的家庭中,各种观音像随处可见,香火极盛。
    在观音像前两侧侍立着龙女和善财童子。善财童子本是福城中一位长者的儿子,因为他“生时种种珍宝自然涌出”而得名。他看破了红尘,视钱财如粪土,发誓要修炼成为菩萨。他先后拜了五十三位师傅,这就是佛经中说所的“善财童子五十三参”,最后在普陀洛迦山得到了观世音的教化而成为了菩萨。为了辅助观世音普度众生,而又现童子身,成为了观世音的左胁侍。龙女本是“二十诸天”之一娑竭罗龙王的女儿,他自幼智慧通达,八岁时即到灵鹫山礼拜释迦牟尼,学佛修道,以龙女之身修成正果,为了辅助观世音普度众生,而又现童女之身,成为了观世音的右胁侍。善财童子的香火远比龙女要盛,因为人们认为善财童年子善于理财、进财,而把他当作“招财童子”、“送财童子”而顶礼膜拜。
    在殿内左侧存放有元代妙严公主“拜砖”。妙严公主在潭柘寺出家,每日在这里礼忏观音,天长日久而在一块铺地方砖上磨出两个深深的脚窝。这块拜砖放在一个刻有明代高僧达观所作〈妙严公主拜砖赞〉的硬木匣中,明代万历年间慈圣孝定皇太后来潭柘寺进香时,见到这块拜砖而深受感动,特意把这块拜砖请到皇宫内院,让后妃们观览。在殿内原来塑有元世祖忽必烈一家四口的彩色“赞像”,“系以赞像四,林立大土前,辫发胡笠,左前为元世祖,右前皇后,左次其子,右侧妙严也。”
观音殿原本是寺内一座神圣的殿堂,一般僧人和普通香客是不能进入的。因为在元代,这里是元世祖忽必烈之妙严公主出家后静修的地方,在清代,这里供奉着朝廷御赐的“龙藏”,即清代乾隆版的《大藏经》,其有700余函,7168卷。
 

Avalokitesvara Hall

Avalokitesvara Hall is the highest building in temple’s terrain. It is situated in the north end of the temple’s west side. It’s said that Princess Minao Yan in Yuan Dynasty ever lived there after she became a nun. Maybe, you would be curious about that there was a nun lived in monk’s temple. Princess Miao Yan was the daughter of Emperor Hubilie. She ever vowed to practice Buddhist life to atone for his father’s crime, as her emperor father killed too many innocent people in his supreme power. It’s said that Princess Miao Yan had so sincere a practice in the temple that one piece of floor brick in the hall was worn out feet marks by her. With time going to Ming Dynasty, the Empress Xiao Ding came to visit the temple and saw the floor brick, she was moved by the princess’ story and ordered servant to take it back to the palace for admiration. The floor brick in a long case was brought back to Tanzhe Temple later and is reserved in the west side of Avalokitesvara Hall.
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